Burkina Faso was formerly known as Upper Volta. The original inhabitants of the country were Bobo, Lobi, and Gurunsi peoples. The Mossi and Gurma peoples immigrated to the region in the 14th century. The country became a French colony in 1903. The country was divided up between Niger, the Sudan, and Côte d'Ivoire in 1932. It was reunited in 1947 and became independent in 1960. The country was run by military governments for most of the period between 1966 and 1991 when a new constitution was put in place. The country's name was changed in 1984 to Burkina Faso meaning "the land of upright men". In 2014 protests and mass uprising in Burkina led to the overthrow of long-serving ruler Blaise Compaore. Blaise Compaore has managed to run down one of the poorest countries on the planet for 27 years.
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