nalrc
NALRC Language Map of Africa
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Tanzania

Germany declared Tanganyika its protectorate in 1885, though rebellion against colonialism was frequent, including the fierce maji maji rebellion of 1905. This rebellion united many ethnic groups against the Germans. The period of harsh German rule was followed by a paternalistic British trusteeship, where Tanganyika became a League of Nations mandate under the United Kingdom. Tanzanian mainland gained its independence as Tanganyika in 1961. In 1964 it merged with the small Island state of Zanzibar which had been a British protectorate. Despite the influence of Britain and Germany on Tanzania, Swahili which had been the lingua Franca at the coast for hundreds of years remained and has continued to be the dominant language in Tanzania and Zanzibar, playing a big role in promoting internal unity and social binding in both Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Languages spoken

  • Swahili

Description

Swahili which had been the lingua Franca at the coast for hundreds of years remained and has continued to be the dominant language in Tanzania and Zanzibar, playing a big role in promoting internal unity and social binding in both Tanganyika and Zanzibar.